Chairs are a necessity of each home today and may be easily wont to refresh the design of the house. Armchairs, Slipper Chairs, Study Chairs, Dining Chairs, etc. are a number of the innumerable sorts of chairs to pick from.
A chair brings together practicality, creativity, and most significantly engineering.
Although it’s been used since past , for several centuries it had been only employed by royalty and nobility.
But, if we return into history, we didn’t use chairs the maximum amount as we use it today. If need be, early humans sat on bare ground or logs or rocks. But because these firms had their own challenges, different sorts of seats began to evolve, and thus, chairs came into existence and have now become an important a part of our living.
Pre 12th Century, seats were primarily three-legged stools or benches, with no back. They were primitive, crudely made, and purely functional.
But how did we get to the chairs of today?
In the following centuries, a back and a fourth leg were added and henceforth, it became the chair as we all know . And post the 15th century high backs and carvings started appearing on our good old’ chair.
During the Renaissance, Chairs became more refined, comfortable, and ornamental . Looks became as important as function. European kings introduced luxurious ornamentation, veneers, rich fabrics, exotic wood, stones, gold, and silver.
The 18th Century took the opulence and therefore the formal look to subsequent level. French and English Monarchs marked the start of Rococo forms, curved lines, floral decorations, and even more ornamentation. rather than one form, seating now took various forms like stools, dining chairs, side chairs, armchairs, etc.
After the French Revolution , heavy, straight neoclassical lines replaced Rococo forms. Alongside this style, during the Federal movement, a colonial, classical look also came into existence in America.
While the economic Revolution had a dramatic impact on lifestyles, it brought wealth to the middle-class, allowing them an opportunity to vary the decors of their homes. Which made crafted modern style become popular. Some styles that followed were Bauhaus, school , modernism, art deco, during this era.
Mid-century-modernism took off after war II, with designs now focusing more on function and minimalism. Chairs were light & sleek with Neutral color palettes. Materials like molded plastic, plywood, metal, steel, and glass started getting used for the structure while microfiber, suede, and upholsteries like leather, linen, chenille, velvet are today a staple to chairs within the late 20th Century.
A chair hence is not just a functional piece but a canvas to do so much more. This can be seen in pieces that have gained enormous popularity – like the Eames lounge chair by Charles and Ray Eames, the egg chair by Arne Jacobsen, or the Wassily chair by Marcel Breuer.
With access to great manufacturing and materials, how can the chair of the year 2021 look like? How this new chair can fit in the dimensions of longer home living everyone now is embracing due to the distancing norms?
The design challenge is to prepare a concept chair that can symbolize human needs, psyche, aspirations, or ambitions in the year 2021 with an iconic chair.
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